Title:Magnetic Plasmon-Enhanced Second-Harmonic Generation on Colloidal Gold Nanocups
Author(s):Ding, Si-Jing; Zhang, Han; Yang, Da-Jie; Qiu, Yun-Hang; Nan, Fan; Yang, Zhong-Jian; Wang, Jianfang; Wang*, Qu-Quan; Lin, Hai-Qing
Addresses:Wang, JF (reprint author), Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Dept Phys, Shatin, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.; Wang, QQ (reprint author), Wuhan Univ, Inst Adv Studies, Dept Phys, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China.
Abstract:The magnetic plasmons of three-dimensional nanostructures have unique optical responses and special significance for optical nanoresonators and nanoantennas. In this study, we have successfully synthesized colloidal Au and AuAg nanocups with a well-controlled asymmetric geometry, tunable opening sizes, and normalized depths (h/b, where h is depth and b is the height of the templating PbS nanooctahedrons), variable magnetic plasmon resonance, and largely enhanced second-harmonic generation (SHG). The most-efficient SHG of the bare Au nanocups is experimentally observed when the normalized depth h/b is adjusted to similar to 0.78-0.79. We find that the average magnetic field enhancement is maximized at h/b = similar to 0.65 and reveal that the maximal SHG can be attributed to the joint action of the optimized magnetic plasmon resonance and the "lightning-rod effect" of the Au nanocups. Furthermore, we demonstrate for the first time that the AuAg heteronanocups prepared by overgrowth of Ag on the Au nanocups can synergize the magnetic and electric plasmon resonances for nonlinear enhancement. By the tailoring of the dual resonances at the fundamental excitation and second-harmonic wavelengths, the far-field SHG intensity of the AuAg nanocups is enhanced 21.8-fold compared to that of the bare Au nanocups. These findings provide a strategy for the design of nonlinear optical nanoantennas based on magnetic plasmon resonances and can lead to diverse applications ranging from nanophotonics to biological spectroscopy.